Q&A with our Experts

No stupid questions here. Trenchlesspedia staff has answered many commonly asked questions and also assembled a number of experts who will answer your questions in basically any area mployment testing and employee wellness.

Featured Experts

Krystal Nanan

Civil Engineer

Krystal is a civil engineer and project manager with an MSc in Construction Engineering and Management. Her experience includes the project management of major infrastructure projects, construction supervision, and the design of various infrastructure elements including roadway, pavement, traffic safety elements and drainage.

Sky Cato

Director of Operations for Internal Pipeline Solutions

Sky Cato serves as the Director of Operations for Internal Pipeline Solutions and manages much of the day to day operations. He has 14 years of pipeline pigging & rehabilitation experience. Sky is a third generation in the industry and attributes much of his passion for innovation to his father and grandfather.

Della Anggabrata

Civil Engineer

Della is a Civil Engineer with extensive yet progressing experience in a consulting industry. Her experience primarily focuses on underground infrastructure projects in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia, Canada. She has a unique technical skill that combines civil and geotechnical engineering. Some of her projects are large diameter watermain, water and wastewater treatment plants, sanitary forcemain, and land developments. She is not only a key contributor on the engineering design and project management, she also provides a solid foundation for every success that the team has achieved.

Q&As

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The construction industry has been in the spotlight forever when it comes to carbon emissions. Construction accounts for almost 1/3rd of global energy consumption, and thus is responsible for the...
Answered by: Bertus Vos
Co-Founder and Principal Engineer, BlueFox Engineering
Cured-in-place-pipe (CIPP) has become one of the most important technology trends in the field of trenchless pipe rehabilitation around the world.CIPP allows an in-situ rehabilitation of pipes using...
Answered by: Klaus Langenbach
Managing Director, SAERTEX multiCom LP
Yes, as per the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) and U.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). On its website, EPA states that:“The COVID-19 virus has not been detected in...
Answered by: Tabitha Mishra
Civil Engineer, Technical Content Writer
Pipelines installed using trenchless crossing methods face many engineering and geological challenges. Trenchless crossings are frequently used to install pipelines under rivers, highways, railway...
Answered by: Bertus Vos
Co-Founder and Principal Engineer, BlueFox Engineering
Microtunneling is a trenchless construction technique used to construct small- to medium-sized tunnels. During the microtunneling process, a remote-controlled, laser-guided cutting head drills...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
Underground utility networks, such as natural gas pipelines, water lines and electrical lines can consist of millions of miles piping and cable infrastructure. As these networks continue to expand,...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
Tunneling into rock is a relatively complex process, requiring careful project planning and analysis of site conditions. While rock may seem solid, it contains numerous cracks, fissures, faults,...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
While the term "trenchless" suggests the absence of trenches, there are instances where small excavations are needed during trenchless construction. These trenches, known as entry and exit...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
In short, skin friction should always be considered when writing mud specifications for a horizontal directional drilling (HDD) project.Skin friction is defined as the amount of resistance developed...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
The first step in setting up a hydraulic fracture job is knowing the expected treatment rates and pressures. One of the most influential factors in determining these parameters is the bottom-hole...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
The gel strength of drilling mud (or drilling fluid) is the shear stress in the fluid at a low shear rate after it has been static for a specific period of time. The parameter gives a measure of the...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
Aging sewer pipelines is a growing concern in many municipalities. This issue has led to an increase in activity aimed at rebuilding or rehabilitating current sewage infrastructure.However, it is...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
Many private and public sector organizations are turning to trenchless rehabilitation procedures to repair and maintain underground piping due to their numerous benefits. However, not all trenchless...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
Wastewater management involves the oversight of the processes and procedures used during the treatment of wastewater. This field ensures that contaminants are removed from the sewage such that it can...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
Pipe ramming is a trenchless construction technique used to install underground utilities, pipes, ducts, conduits, and culverts. It involves using a pneumatic or hydraulically powered ramming tool,...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
Water and wastewater plumbing are some of the most crucial elements in any residential or commercial building. However, since these components are typically buried and hidden from view, their...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
Tunnel boring machines (TBMs) and microtunnel boring machines (MTBMs) are used to construct underground tunnels and passages with circular cross-sections. They both use a drilling mechanism, known as...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
Soil subsidence, also known as settlement, is defined as a downward vertical movement of the ground, generally caused by changes in stresses within the soil. Subsidence is often described as a...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
Yes, very important! The following is a basic explanation based on using what is known as The Bingham Plastic Model.Plastic Viscosity (PV), Yield Point (YP) and Gel StrengthsPlastic ViscosityPV is...
Answered by: J. Mark Hutchinson
Mud Engineer Consultant at RightTurn Supply, LLC
Ground penetrating radar (GPR) is a non-destructive geophysical technique used to determine the cross-sectional profiles of subsurface geological features and objects without digging, drilling or...
Answered by: Krystal Nanan
Civil Engineer
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