Hydrology is the study of water on and below the earth’s surface: its location, movement, quality and properties. Water is an essential component of the environment for the sustenance of all life forms on earth. Preserving its quality is necessary to prevent contamination of water sources used by animals and humans.
Changes in water quantity and quality can be manmade or natural, and hydrologic data helps keep track of it. Hydrologists study these factors and present data that can be used for geotechnical investigation, which is an essential part of trenchless technology.
Trenchlesspedia Explains Hydrology
Hydrology is studied by hydrologists to understand the chemical and physical properties of water and how it moves through subsurface soil and rock. The research conducted by hydrologists is used by various industries for different purposes. Particularly in trenchless technology, this information is crucial in studying the subsurface and preparing geotechnical reports when planning an underground pipeline project.
Trenchless technology involves drilling beneath the earth’s surface and utilizes drilling mud, which needs to be appropriately disposed of once the construction process is complete. The Clean Water Act (CWA) and agencies such as the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) stipulate proper disposal regulations of used drilling mud so that subsurface and surface water bodies are not contaminated.