Geomorphology is the study of the process of the formation of landforms and sediments on the Earth's surface. The formations could be a result of surface processes triggered by water, air, ice, volcanic eruptions, landslides, earthquakes etc.
These landforms are prone to change, which could be either a slow or sudden process. In trenchless technology, geomorphology along with geotechnical investigation and subsurface exploration plays an important role in determining the scope of a drilling operation and the materials to be used.
Trenchlesspedia Explains Geomorphology
Geomorphology is carried out by geomorphologists that conduct investigations to determine how landforms came into existence. Landforms usually change at a slow rate but sometimes raid changes such as those caused by earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis, etc. can completely change the face of an existing landform.
Remote sensing equipment such as satellites and geographic information system (GIS) are beneficial tools for geomorphologists that allow them to have a wider view of landform distribution and changes that have occurred due to change in climatic conditions. This information is also beneficial for drilling companies that use it for planning trenchless operations across varying landforms and formations.
The right materials need to be selected to ensure stability in landforms prone to sudden, rapid changes such as earthquakes and mudslides in flash flood areas.